_____. A Century in Crisis: Modernity and Tradition in the Art of Twentieth-century China. New York : Guggenheim Museum : 1998.
Bodenhorn, Terry. Defining Modernity: Guomindang Rhetorics of a New China, 1920-1970. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan, 2002.
Brokaw, Cynthia J. and Chow, Kai-Wing. Printing and Book Culture in Late Imperial China. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 2005.
Elleman, Bruce A.. Modern Chinese Warfare: 1795-1989. London and New York: Routledge, 2001.
Fitzgerald, John. Awakening China: Politics, Culture, and Class in the Nationalist Revolution. California: Stanford University Press, 1996.
_____. The Nationalists and Chinese Society 1923-1937: A Symposium. Parkville: University of Melbourne, 1989.
_____. “The Origins of the Illiberal Party Newspaper: Print Journalism in China’s Nationalist Revolution.” Republican China, Volume 21, 1996.
Gao, Minglu. Total modernity and the avant-garde in twentieth-century Chinese art. Cambridge, Mass London : MIT Press ; 2011.
Harrison, Henrietta. The Making of the Republican Citizen: Political Ceremonies and Symbols in China, 1911-1929. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Hsu, Immanuel C.Y.. The Rise of Modern China. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970.
Hung, Chang-tai. Was and Popular Culture” Resistance in Modern China, 1937-1945. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 1994.
Ku Hung-Ting, “Urban Mass Movement: The May Thirtieth Movement in Shanghai.” Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 13, No. 2 (1979): 197- 216.
Laing, Ellen Johnston. Selling Happiness: Calendar Posters and Visual Culture in Early- Twentieth-Century Shanghai. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2004.
Lent, John A. Illustrating Asia: Comics, Humor, Magazines and Picture Books. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2001.
Linebarger, Paul Myron Anthony. Government in Republican China. New York and London: Mcgraw-Hill Book Company, 1938.
Lu, Xinghua. “Political Representation within the Libidinal Economy of a Pictorial Space: A Political-semiotic Reading of Three Propaganda Posters of the Chinese Cultural Revolution”. Semiotica. Walter de Gruyter: 2005.
Min, Anchee. Chinese Propaganda Posters. London: Taschen, 2003.
Mittler, Barbara. A Continuous Revolution: Making Senses of Cultural Revolution Culture. Cambridge (Massachusetts) and London: Harvard University Press, 2012.
Morgan, James. “Distinguishing Truth, Knowledge, and Belief: A Philosophical Contribution to the Problem of Images of China.” Modern China, Vol. 30, No. 3 (Jul., 2004): 398-427.
Shen, Kuiyi. “Comics, Picture Books, and Cartoonists in Republican China”. From: Inks: Cartoon and Comic Art Studies. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 1994.
Tang, Xiaobing, Origins of the Chinese Avant-Garde: The Modern Woodcut Movement. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 2008.
Weatherley, Robert. Making China Strong: The Role of Nationalism in Chinese Thinking on Democracy and Human Rights. UK: The Politics and Development in Contemporary China, 2014.
Yuan Zhangshou and Lou Zifang, The Newly Discovered Huangpu Military Academy Revolutionary Posters. Journal of Hangzhou University, 1900.
Yurkevich, Alexander. “’The Loya Nucleus of Whampoa’: Ninety Years of Huangpu Military Academy’. Far Eastern Affairs, 110-122.
Zhang, Shaoqian. “Visualizing the New Republic: Pictorial Construction of the Modern Chinese Citizen (1895-37).” Northwestern University: 2012.
[special thank you to Yue Xiu (Bryn Mawr College '17)]